With origin in diverse readings of contemporary authors, led mainly to the analysis of the education and in particular to the educational formation, a personal compendium appears, of intentions reflective-critics, tie to the contributions that each of these investigations and experiences generates in the field of education and the learning. the education has been put very complicated, and one no longer knows neither what to teach, nor how to teach, nor to whom to teach. – Gonzalo Ballester Torrent (1910), Spanish writer. YESTERDAY AND TODAY: EDUCATION There by year five hundred before Christ, the Chinese philosopher Confucius raised: Aprender without reflecting is to squander energy. Much later, in the middle of thousands the eight hundred, a writer and Spanish journalist, Severe call Catherine, she affirmed: Most of people confuses the education with instruction. Paradoxicalally, in the beginnings of this 21st century, if one is sent straighforward dictionary definitions, will be able to find the verbs to indoctrinate and to memorise like synonymous of respective teaching and to learn. Paraphrasing philosopher Emile Durkheim, one of the founders of modern sociology: to teach is not to preach, is not to instill: it is to explain. What educational explicit sample of a well-known reality by and students, these synonymous ones of dictionary reflect daily situations that we experimented on a daily basis in classrooms, libraries and other spaces of study: memorization like exclusive mechanism to draw for examinations, the courses based solely on instructive practices, the absence of reflective spirit, the disconnection enters labor content of program and requirements or exigencies, the nonassociation of the educational practice to the social conditions, the lack of intellectual opening and the absence of a responsibility attitude and sincerity *1. Obvious, they exist also innumerable antagonistic cases a the exposed ones where, first of all, it is taught for the authentic, nonsuperficial understanding, and reflects actively on this learning.